Anne Lauvergeon is a graduate of the Ecole Normale Supérieure and the French National School of Mining Engineer. She holds an advanced degree in Physics and Chemistry. She started her professional career in 1983, in the iron and steel industry (Usinor). In 1984, she directed the European nuclear safety studies applied to the chemical industry for CEA (Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique, the public technological research organization in France). From 1985 to 1988, she supervised the underground activities in and around Paris and was appointed Deputy Director of the General Mining Council in 1988. From 1990 to 1995, she worked for the French President’s office, in charge of international economy and foreign trade missions and Deputy Chief of Staff in 1991. At the same time she became Personal Representative to the French President, in charge of the G7/G8 Summits. In 1995, she became Managing Director and Partner of Lazard Frères (New York, Paris). In March 1997, she joined Alcatel Telecom as Senior Executive Vice President and was appointed Member of the Executive Committee in 1998. She was in charge of the international network and the Group’s interests in energy, defense, transportation and nuclear fields. From July 2001 to June 2011, after its creation, she was Chief Executive Officer of AREVA. From June 1999 to June 2011, she was Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer of COGEMA (now AREVA NC). From 2013 to 2018, she was Chairman of Innovation 2030 National Committee. Since 2011, Anne Lauvergeon is Founder and CEO of A.L.P, an advisory and investment company. Since 2014, she is Chairman of the Board of Directors of Sigfox, the world leading IoT operator. Since 2018, she is appointed Co-Chairman of the Innovation Committee of the MEDEF (Mouvement des Entreprises de France). Anne Lauvergeon is a Board Member of American Express, Suez and Avril. She has been a Member of Koç Holding Board of Directors since 2016.